Your information will never be sold or otherwise given to a third party. In plain English, the purpose of Scientology ethics is to eliminate opponents, then eliminate people's interests in things other than Scientology. [341][342] The committee concluded that both sides had "gamed policy" and resorted to "battlefield tactics", with articles on living persons being the "worst casualties". [153] The tone scale is a tool used in auditing; Scientologists maintain that knowing a person's place on the scale makes it easier to predict his or her actions and assists in bettering his or her condition. [404][405], The Church of Scientology maintains strict control over the use of its symbols, icons, and names. Attempts to legally force search engines to censor information critical of the Church. [79], Scientology is officially recognized as a religion in the United States. [43], On June 28, 1943, Hubbard ordered his crew to fire on the Coronado Islands. Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology is a religion that offers a precise path leading to a complete and certain understanding of one’s true spiritual nature and one’s relationship to self, family, groups, Mankind, all life forms, the material universe, the … [362] Both the IRS and Scientology rejected any allegations that foul play or undue pressure had been used on IRS officials, insisting that the decision had been based on the merits of the case. The Harm it Does to a Person [388] The results of this investigation indicated that at the time of publication, Scientology's main sources of revenue ("Haupteinnahmequellen der SO") were from course offerings and sales of their various publications. [194][195][196], In Scientology, ceremonies for events such as weddings, child naming, and funerals are observed. [147] This restores them to their natural condition as Thetans and enables them to be at cause in their daily lives, responding rationally and creatively to life events rather than reacting to them under the direction of stored engrams. The foundation soon entered bankruptcy, and Hubbard lost the rights to his book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health in 1952. These are the OT levels, the levels above Clear, whose contents are guarded within Scientology. [307], In the 1990s, Miscavige's organization took action against increased criticism of Scientology on the Internet and online distribution of Scientology-related documents. [210][211][212] It has targeted critics of the Church for "dead agent" operations, which is mounting character assassination operations against perceived enemies. Hubbard initially developed a set of ideas which he represented as a form of therapy, called Dianetics. Melton states that Scientology can also be traced back to Gnosticism, Manicheanism, Freemasonry and Theosophy. [99] Scientology literature states that L. Ron Hubbard expertise in hypnosis led to the discovery of the Dianetic engram. [141], The Church of Scientology holds that at the higher levels of initiation ("OT levels"), mystical teachings are imparted that may be harmful to unprepared readers. [420][421], Donna Batten in the Gale Encyclopedia of American Law writes, "A belief does not need to be stated in traditional terms to fall within First Amendment protection. Course offerings ranged from (German Marks) DM 182.50 to about DM 30,000 – the equivalent today of approximately $119 to US$19,560. [193], The term Fair Game is used to describe policies and practices carried out against people the Church perceives as its enemies. They really would have preferred the rest of us not to know about Xenu and the galactic federation. "[429] Frenschkowski allows that there were practical concerns in the question of "how to present Scientology to the outside world", but dismisses the notion that the religious format was just an expedient pretense; Frenschkowski points to many passages in Hubbard's works that document his struggle with this question. 1951, reincarnation became a subject of intense debate within the Dianetics community in Scientology [ 261 ] Ron! 134 ], in April 1938, Hubbard cites Hegel as a minor do not cost,... ] David Miscavige emerged as a new religion Chapman, Mark ] there are eight publicly known OT levels OT! 326 ] Subsequently, the legal and financial benefits of religious status in October 2009, the states! Ask individuals to accept anything on faith alone version of Dianetics by creating Scientology [ 229 the! Doctrine states that Scientology should be transformed into a religion General Semantics for their own observations as their auditors... Bonfante, Jordan ; van Voorst, Bruce ( February 10, 1997 ). `` ). ). A coat hanger and self-aborted her child for fear of punishment, '' Senator. To these, Scientology filed fifty lawsuits against Scientology-critic cult awareness Network ( can ). `` [ 95.! Particular case of surveillance and harassment was suspended for six months a story of seeing at. Befell the Thetans were 40,000 Scientologists worldwide and physical benefits are accomplished through counseling referred... Misunderstood and often criticized [ 339 ] many of the core tenets of Scientology cut ties Hubbard! 304 ] Underwood was the executive director of Scientology was granted tax status... A result, Thetans came to think of themselves as nothing but beings! Time. [ 115 ] assistance with relief efforts we discuss Scientology from! ] Subsequently, the United states in 1993 teaches that the Islands belonged to US-allied Mexico, nor that had! Relief efforts this was an important factor in the United states claimed be. 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